The district is one of the most adversely affected by the recurrent droughts and to the worst, aggravated by climate change and poor farming practices. Agriculture (crop/Livestock) has been the most vulnerable and climate sensitive sectors in the district. There has been consecutive failure of the growing seasons, record of low vegetation cover in the project target areas and high loss of soil moisture due to the lack of moisture conservation measures. This has resulted to most crop and pasture lands become denuded and without vegetation. In addition, there is recurrent flush flooding, which submerge crop lands, and destruct also the pastureland.
Moreover, the decades of farming without adequate natural resource management, have stripped the soil of the vital nutrients needed to support crop production and plant growth. Thus, the degraded farmland and ecosystem are also common problems that contribute to the food insecurity in the district.